Following the success of the University of Geneva Terra Submersa expedition in 2014, the summer school offers an intensive course on a new, multidisciplinary scientific field: Continental Shelf Prehistoric Research (CSPR). The course aims at educating postgraduate students and young scientists to move across the boundaries of marine geosciences and archaeology, in order to shed light on the interaction between our ancestors with the dynamically changing environment. Practically, the summer school will take place in Porto Cheli (Greece), and include field trips to the prehistoric site of Franchthi Cave and surrounding area. Its objective is to give the opportunity for young archaeologists and geoscientists to: Become familiar with marine geophysical techniques (multibeam, side scan sonar, sub bottom profiler), marine geological methodologies as well as data acquisition, post-processing and interpretation Understand paleoclimate and sea-level changes and their interaction with isostatic and tectonic vertical movements Link climate, sea level and environmental changes to the archaeology of people who lived on and migrated across the continental shelf Familiarize with key themes in coastal prehistory Equivalence of 2 ECTS credit points
This course asks how we should understand the various political movements that claim to act in the name of Islam. What do the Islamic State and the various affiliates of al-Qaeda in the Middle East have in common with each other, or with the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, among others? What distinguishes these movements from the Taliban in Afghanistan or Boko Haram in West Africa? Why do some of these groups act or inspire others to carry out attacks in Europe and North America? To what extent can they be explained in political terms, and what exactly is the role of religion? How do they compare with non-Islamic terrorist or revolutionary movements? This course will address these and other questions by going beyond the conventional geopolitical and Western journalistic perspectives. We will examine the historical roots of political Islam, trace the origins of the movement known as Salafism and the changing uses of the term jihad. We will also look in depth at the discussions that Islamists have amongst themselves, how they see themselves and what they stand for. We will look at the jihadist poetry and the religious debates they conduct between themselves, as well as ask how people in the affected regions, especially writers and intellectuals, view the movements. Finally, there will be sessions addressing practical questions, such as how do Islamist groups acquire their weapons, and how does the global oil market affect Islamism? Interdisciplinary by its very nature, the course is taught by distinguished faculty in a variety of fields from Europe and the United States, as well as experts from the international community in Geneva. The course will treat the following topics, among others: The origins and nature of Salafism The changing uses of the term “jihad.” Arab intellectuals’ views on religion and Islamic movements The Iranian Revolution and its legacy The View from Moscow: Russia and Islam; Russia and the Middle East The poetry of the Islamic State; How do jihadists represent themselves? Arms and ammunition: How do groups get their weapons?
Topics that will be covered include cybersecurity, digital privacy and online surveillance, free speech, consumer protection, legal issues of social media, dangers of cloud computing, Internet and telecom infrastructure, intellectual property, antitrust, and much more... This is a unique opportunity to gain hands-on experience in the framework of an Internet law clinic and to discuss cutting edge Internet law and policy issues with academics, practitioners, representatives of global policy makers, international organizations and leading institutions, including the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). For its first and second sessions (in June 2014 and 2015), the Internet l@w summer school welcomed participants from very diverse background and countries including Argentina, China, Egypt, Germany, India, Italy, Lithuania, Ukraine and the US. Discover an international city in the heart of Europe. Participate in an exciting social programme, including excursions and social gatherings, and build a global network of new friends as well as of Internet law and policy experts. A video testimony of participants to the 2014 edition is available here! Equivalence of 6 ECTS credits. Please note: Changes to the draft program may be made at any time prior to the start of the course.