From the gorgeous beaches to the tropical national parks to the savanna of the north, nature-loving travelers have much to see. With slave trade castles and the remains of the once-powerful Ashanti empire, those interested in history will appreciate Ghana’s museums.The country is known for its friendly and welcoming people, political stability, and progressive attitude towards education. The government spends well over a quarter of its budget on education. However, competition for university and college seats is intense as only five universities and about forty colleges exist for a population of eighteen million. Higher education is more job-oriented than in America or England. English is the official language in both government and education.
Ghana boasts a traditional culture in a modernizing nation. It is well known for its music and arts, and part of Ghanaian culture derives from its rich history. Ghana still has castles and forts from the colonial era when it was a nexus of the inter-Atlantic slave trade. The country has long resisted European occupation, and it was one of the first to declare independence from colonial rule.
The country of Ghana possesses natural resources such as gold, timber, and cocoa, making it somewhat wealthier than other West African countries. However as a developing nation, it relies heavily on international financial and technical assistance. About 31% of the population lives below the poverty line. Interestingly, most of Ghana‘s electricity, as well as that of its neighbors, is supplied by a large hydroelectric dam built in 1965 that formed the world’s largest reservoir, Lake Volta, which covers 3.6% of Ghana’s land area.
Ghana has a hot tropical climate. The coastline features beautiful beaches and a tropical forest belt that extends to the middle of the country, including the second largest city, Kumasi. The eastern coast, which includes the capital of Accra, is warm and less humid and hot than the western coast. The northern interior is hot and dry.
Religion and Festivals
The majority of Ghanaians consider themselves Christian. About one-fifth of the population is Muslim, and another fifth hold various African beliefs. Public holidays include New Year’s Day, Independence Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Labour Day, Africa Day, Republic Day, Eid al Fitr (End of Ramadan), National Farmers’ Day, Christmas, and Revolution Day.
Kotoka International Airport is in Accra, and the main harbor is in Tema. A ferry runs across Lake Volta, which reaches a large section of eastern Ghana. Private automobiles are a good way to get around, and rentals are available in the capital. Taxis and minibuses are also available. Railroads connect Accra, Kumasi, and Takoradi.
Ghana’s universities reflect the country’s pragmatic people and culture of education. The main institutions are funded by the government. The University of Ghana is the country’s oldest and most prestigious university. It has attracted many foreign students due to its reputation and the quality of its lecturers.Ghana’s other well known universities include the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology and the University of Cape Coast.The country also has a number of specialized schools: the University of Education, which trains the country’s teachers, the University of Development Studies, which gives students the training and skills to work with developing rural communities, and the University of Mines and Technology, which recently broke off from Kwame Nkrumah to become the only institution of its kind in West Africa.
Although Ghana may not rank as one of the top destinations for students going abroad, there are plenty of reasons to study in this West African nation. Explore its rich history -- such as Cape Coast and Elmina Castle, both museums that were once stops along the trans-Atlantic slave trade.
There are many scholarships to fund your study abroad experience in Ghana. Here is a list of Diversity Abroad scholarships available for study in this country:
For more scholarships, visit http://www.diversityabroad.com/search/scholarships/ghana
Pick pocketing, credit card fraud, and scams are an increasing risk in Ghana. As in most tropical countries, malaria poses a significant risk.
Visit the CDC’s Ghana page for updated information on health conditions in Ghana.
If you have studied abroad in Ghana, consider creating a profile and sharing your experience. What you have to say could help inspire another student considering studying abroad. You can also submit an article to be considered for publication on our website.
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Also, here are some links to potential opportunities for students who have studied abroad and graduates interested in work opportunities in Ghana.
Homosexuality is still illegal under Ghanian law, so students who identify as LGBT should exercise caution with regard to expressing openly or in dialog on issues regarding sexual orientation. It is advised that any students that identify as LGBT take into consideration how the environment may impact their experience. For all students, just be prepared to hear others call you "oburoni!", or foreigner wherever you go.
Akan 45.3%, Mole-Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Grusi 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.4%, other 7.8%
Plan a trip to Kakum National Park to see the natural wonders that Ghana has to offer. If you're brave, walk across the canopy walkway for an unparalleled view of the park below. Don't forget to visit museums and some of the best beaches in West Africa as well.
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